Turabian Structure Fast Guide. Test Paper in notes-bibliography for several students

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Effective in summertime, all programs of research (including both Divinity and non-Divinity studies) will now make use of one group of formatting resources. Split templates are given for projects that don’t require subheadings (generally in most cases, documents with significantly less than ten pages into the human body), along with the ones that do need subheadings (suitable for many papers with over ten pages in the human body, and needed in papers with over twenty pages in the human body). Pupils will utilize and proceed with the respective template predicated on their particular assignment’s needs.

Turabian Template for assignments without any headings

Turabian Template for assignments WITH headings

Look at the Chicago Manual of Style database in Liberty University’s Jerry Falwell Library by logging in and selecting that database (seek out database by name, then “C,” and “Chicago handbook of Style).

Helpful Resources

Turabian Chart of Citations

Turabian Bibliography of Reference Examples

Turabian Annotated Bibliography Test

Sacred Book Guide List

Capitalization Glossary

Movie Tutorial links (these are going to be updated but are supplied right here since some pupils nevertheless see them helpful; follow unified pagination guidelines)

Notes-Bibliography Citation Style

  • Found in all programs of research making use of Turabian structure (except guide reviews, designed to use Author-Date structure).
  • Footnotes will be the favored solution to suggest in-text citations throughout this structure. Liberty University will not permit endnotes.
  • A bibliography can be used to compile sources in one single list in the end associated with paper.

Author-Date citation style

  • Only allowed for book review projects at Liberty University.
  • Test paper in Author-Date format for guide review projects just.
  • Chart of Citations in Author-Date format for guide reviews just.
  • Remember that the list of wife dating compiled resources cited in author-date structure is en en titled recommendations (in place of Bibliography).


  • Utilize margins that are one-inch all edges.
  • The font/size that is preferred days brand brand New Roman, 12 pt.
  • Indent all paragraphs when you look at the human anatomy for the paper ½”.
  • Double-space the whole paper, except block quotes, footnotes, bibliography entries, guide listings, dining dining dining table titles, and figure captions. Those elements should always be single-spaced, with one additional blank line before/after to separate your lives them off their elements.


  • The paper should always be printed in the third individual (he, she, it) with a working sound, instead of passive vocals.
  • Unless a teacher particularly wants a paper in first individual (we, me personally, we, us, our) or 2nd person (you, your) language, avoid these in a paper.
  • Be particular and succinct.
  • In historic writing, use simple past tense verbs. Whenever talking about an author’s written work, make use of the current tense.
  • We now have a page that is separate visuals aimed at understanding and formatting headings. Observe that Turabian requires extra spacing before each going degree, which can be currently programmed to the templates.
  • Headline instance = all words that are significant often people that have 4+ letters, needs to be capitalized. Utilize headline situation for games of works; names of journals; and first-, second-, and headings that are third-level.
  • Sentence instance = just the very first page associated with very first term, appropriate nouns, together with term following a colon, if any, must start with capital letters. Use phrase instance for fourth- and fifth-level headings.
  • Include quote markings across the games of shorter works (for example., articles or poems); use italics for the true names of larger works (in other words., publications or performs).

Title Web Web Page

  • Liberty University now makes use of one title that is universal structure for several programs and degrees of research
  • Test name web page (see additionally templates)


  • The name web web web page is theoretically web web page one, however it never ever has a typical page quantity
  • Pagination for the matter that is fore if any (such as the dining table of articles), uses lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii), into the center base for the web web web page. Start out with ii, to account fully for the name web web page position.
  • Your body for the paper for several Liberty University classes utilizes Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3) within the corner that is top-right. It starts with web web web page 1.
  • Look at pagination movie guide.